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cache type SPIRIT QUEST: Remember the Merchant Mariners cache size

by mother wolf
(Finds: 0  Score: 0)    (Hidden: 34  Score: 102.5)

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Coordinates (WGS-84 datum)
N 38° 46.331'   W 076° 08.529'
This may not be the actual cache coordinate.
Easton,   Maryland   21601
United States    Near By Caches

Hidden On: 22 Jul 2008
Waypoint (Landmark): N029D5
Open Cache:  Non-commercial use only
Cache type:  Multi-Part
Cache size:   Micro

Difficulty: gps (easy)
Terrain: gps (easy)

Misc: Parking is available

Comments:
This is a cross listing cache.

Maps are queued for generation.
Additional maps for this cache available at: topozone.com logo    mapquest.com logo

Photobucket
I hope that you will spend some time here walking around the grounds of this beautiful Memorial. The co-ords will bring you to the starting point of your journey.

Although I have spent all of my adult life connected to the
military I never knew much about this group so when I decided to do this cache I decided to also share some of the history with you.


OVERVIEW: The United States Merchant Marine refers to the fleet of US civilian-owned merchant ships—operated by either the government or the private sector, that are engaged in commerce or transportation of goods and services in and out of the navigable waters of the United States. The Merchant Marine is responsible for transporting cargo and passengers during peace time. In time of war, the Merchant Marine is an auxiliary to the Navy, and can be called upon to deliver troops and supplies for the military.


The people of the Merchant Marine are called merchant mariners, and officers are commissioned into the United States Maritime Service. The Merchant Marine is a civilian auxiliary of the U.S Navy, but not a uniformed service, except in times of war when, mariners are considered military personnel.


As of 2006, the United States merchant fleet numbered 465 ships and approximately 69,000 people. Seven hundred ships owned by American interests but registered, or flagged, in other countries are not included in this number.


The federal government maintains fleets of merchant ships via organizations such as Military Sealift Command and the National Defense Reserve Fleet.


BACKGROUND: Merchant mariners move cargo and passengers between nations and within the United States, operate and maintain deep-sea merchant ships, tugboats, towboats, ferries, dredges, excursion vessels,and other waterborne craft on the oceans, the Great lakes, rivers,canals, harbors, and other waterways.


Captains, mates, and pilots supervise ship operations on domestic waterways and the high seas. A captain is in overall command of a vessel, and supervises the work of all other officers and crew.


The mates direct a ship's routine operation for the captain
during the shifts, which are called watches. Mates stand watch for specified periods, usually 4 hours on and 8 hours off.


Pilots guide ships in and out of confined waterways.


Ship's engineers operate, maintain, and repair propulsion
engines, boilers, generators, pumps, and other machinery. Merchant marine vessels usually have four engineering officers.


Able seamen and ordinary seamen operate the vessel and its deck equipment under the officers' supervision. They also steer the ship, measure water depth in shallow water, and maintain and operate deck equipment. On tankers, mariners designated as pump men hook up hoses, operate pumps, and clean tanks. When arriving at or leaving a dock, they handle the mooring lines.


Marine oilers and more experienced qualified members of the engine department, or QMEDs, maintain the vessel in proper running order in the engine spaces below decks, under the direction of the ship's engineering officers. Wipers are the entry-level workers in the engine room, holding a position similar to that of ordinary seamen of the deck crew. With more experience they become oilers and firemen.


A typical deep-sea merchant ship has a captain, three mates, a chief engineer and three assistant engineers, plus six or more unlicensed seamen, such as able seamen, oilers & QMEDs.


HISTORY: The history of ships and shipping in North America goes back at least as far as when Leif Erikson established a short-lived settlement called Vinland in present day Newfoundland. As early as the 15th century, Europeans were shipping horses,cattle and hogs to the Americas.


Spanish colonies began to form as early as 1565. English
colonies like Jamestown began to form as early as 1607. The
connection between the American colonies and Europe would continue to grow unhindered for almost two hundred years.


The first wartime role of an identifiable United States merchant marine first took place on June 12, 1775 in and around Machias, Maine.


The Merchant marine was active in subsequent wars, from the
American Civil War, to World War I and World War II. All told, 733 American cargo ships were lost and 8,651 of the 215,000 who served perished on troubled waters and off enemy shores.


Merchant shipping also played its role in the wars in Vietnam and Korea. From just six ships under charter when the Korean War began, this total peaked at 255.


During the Vietnam War, ships crewed by civilian seamen carried 95% of the supplies used by the American Armed Forces. Many of these ships sailed into combat zones under fire. In fact, the SS Mayaguez incident involved the capture of mariners from the American merchant ship SS Mayaguez.


During the first Gulf War, the merchant ships of the Military Sealift Command (MSC) delivered helicopters, ammunition, fuel and other supplies and equipment during the war. At one point during the war, more than 230 government-owned and chartered ships were involved in the sealift.


Government-owned merchant vessels from the National Defense
Reserve Fleet (NDRF) have supported emergency shipping requirements in seven wars and crises. During the Korean War, 540 vessels were activated to support military forces. 1951 to 1953 required over 600 ship activations. 1956 caused 223 cargo ship and 29 tanker activations from the NDRF. During the Berlin Crisis of 1961, 18 vessels were activated. The Vietnam conflict required the activation of 172 vessels.


Since 1977, the Ready Reserve Fleet has taken over the brunt of the work previously handled by the National Defense Reserve Fleet. The RRF made a major contribution to the success of Operation Desert Shield/Operation Desert Storm from August 1990 through June 1992, when 79 vessels were activated.


Two RRF tankers, two RO/RO ships and a troop transport ship were needed in Somalia for Operation Restore Hope in 1993 and 1994. During the Haitian Crisis in 1994, 15 ships were activated for Operation Uphold Democracy operations. In 1995 and 1996, four RO/RO ships were used to deliver military cargo as part of U.S. U.K.support to NATO peace-keeping missions.


In 2003, 40 RRF ships were used in support of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. This RRF contribution was significant and included sea lifting equipment and supplies into the theatre of combat operations, which included combat support equipment for the Army, Navy Combat Logistics Force, and USMC Aviation Support equipment. By the beginning of May 2005, RRF
cumulative support included 85 ship activations.


MSC is also involved in the current Iraq War.


As of 2006, the United States merchant fleet had 465 privately-owned ships.


Military Sealift Command (MSC) is an arm of the Navy that serves the entire Department of Defense as the ocean carrier of material during peacetime and war. It transports equipment, fuel, ammunition, and other goods essential to the smooth function of United States armed forces worldwide. Up to 95% of all supplies needed to sustain the U.S. military can be moved by Military Sealift Command. MSC operates approximately 120 ships with 100 more in reserve. All ships are manned by civil service or contract merchant mariners, estimated to number more than 8,000.



Photobucket


This Memorial pays tribute to fallen seafarers, their friends, families, and the maritime industry as a whole. This Memorial will provide an opportunity to honor the courageous men and women who form the heritage of the United States Merchant Marine.


This is an arial view of the grounds you will be walking.
You will need to go from 1 end to the other to complete this cache.


I hope you will also take the time to pay tribute while here.



***Ok the first thing you will need to do is arrive at the given coords. This will bring you to the huge prop. After looking at this you will start your walk across the deck of the ship towards the ‘BOW’.


***You will be looking for an item that has ‘African Sun’ plus a date inscribed on it. At this point take a reading & then do the following easy math for the final destination, (the date on the item has nothing to do with the math).


SUBTRACT .026 from the NORTH & .056 from the WEST


This will give you your final destination.



Please be respectful of where you are & ENJOY!


Proud member of the Military Association of GeoCachers

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*****Nice FTF HiTech*****







For more info on this Memorial go to http://www.mebaschool.org/memorial

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